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How Long Has Viktor Bout Been in Prison?

Viktor Bout is an infamous arms dealer who has been imprisoned in the United States for over a decade. His case has been controversial, with arguments both for and against the length of his prison sentence. This article will provide an overview of Bout’s crimes, his incarceration, and an analysis of whether his prison term has been just.

Overview of Viktor Bout’s Crimes

Viktor Bout was born in 1967 in Tajikistan when it was part of the Soviet Union. He served in the Soviet Army and then began an air freight business after the collapse of the USSR. However, Bout did not just transport legal cargo. He became internationally known as a prolific arms trafficker, earning nicknames like “the Merchant of Death” and “the Sanctions Buster.”

Bout smuggled weapons to various conflict zones and authoritarian regimes from the 1990s up until his arrest. Some of his clients included Liberia’s Charles Taylor, the Taliban government in Afghanistan, and rebel groups in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo. He was willing to violate embargoes and international restrictions to supply weapons to anyone able to pay.

In addition to smuggling conventional weapons, Bout allegedly also transported more dangerous items such as attack helicopters and millions of dollars worth of enriched uranium. There are also allegations he was involved in drug running and money laundering. While Bout amassed a huge personal fortune from illegal arms sales, his activities fueled bloody conflicts around the world.

Timeline of Viktor Bout’s Trial and Incarceration

Bout was operating with impunity until the 2000s when Interpol issued a notice about him at the request of Belgium. Here are the key events in Viktor Bout’s path to imprisonment:

  • March 2004 – Bout is put under U.S. sanctions for violating arms embargoes
  • March 2006 – Bout is arrested in Thailand after a DEA sting operation
  • November 2007 – Bout is indicted by the United States on arms trafficking charges
  • August 2010 – Thai courts rule Bout can be extradited to the U.S.
  • November 2010 – Bout arrives in the United States following extradition
  • November 2011 – Bout is convicted on all charges after a two-week trial
  • April 2012 – Bout is sentenced to 25 years in federal prison
  • October 2012 – Appeal against Bout’s conviction is rejected
  • August 2022 – Bout completes 10 years in American incarceration
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Bout has now been in U.S. prisons for over a decade after being convicted on charges of conspiring to kill Americans, acquire and export anti-aircraft missiles, and provide material support to a terrorist organization. His 25-year sentence means he will not be eligible for release until 2029 at the earliest, when he would be 62 years old.

Details of Bout’s Trial and Imprisonment

Viktor Bout was extradited to the United States in November 2010. His high-profile trial began in October 2011 in New York. Federal prosecutors accused Bout of agreeing to sell weapons to confidential informants posing as Colombian FARC rebels. The list of weapons he allegedly agreed to provide included:

  • 500-800 surface-to-air missiles
  • 20,000 machine guns including AK-47s
  • 10 million rounds of ammunition
  • Ultrawide-bodied cargo planes that could be used for drug trafficking

Key evidence against Bout included recordings of conversations where he negotiates weapons deals with the undercover DEA informants.

Bout maintained his innocence, claiming he had only been trying to sell two old cargo aircraft. His defense lawyers argued he had no intention of actually following through on weapons deals, noting the FARC rebels had no money to pay for arms. However, the jury unanimously convicted Bout on all four charges after just two days of deliberations.

In April 2012, Bout was sentenced to 25 years in prison, the minimum mandatory sentence. The judge rejected requests for leniency, noting the “very significant and terrible harm” Bout could have caused by arming terrorists.

Bout was sent to a medium-security federal prison in Marion, Illinois. He appealed his conviction on the grounds the sting operation constituted entrapment and the jury was prejudiced. However, his conviction and sentence were definitively upheld when a federal appeals court rejected his appeal in October 2012.

Bout has now served over 10 years behind bars in the United States. He has been repeatedly denied requests for transfer back to Russia. Here is a brief timeline of his imprisonment so far:

DateEvent
April 2012Bout begins serving his 25-year sentence
July 2013Initial request to be sent home to Russia is refused
December 2016Second transfer request rejected after appeal
August 2022Bout completes 10 years in U.S. custody

Bout still has at least 15 more years in an American federal prison before he can be considered for release.

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What Are the Arguments For and Against Bout’s Sentence?

Viktor Bout’s 25-year prison sentence has sparked debate, with some arguing it was justified while others contend it was excessive. Here are some key arguments on both sides:

Arguments for the length of Bout’s sentence:

  • He was one of the world’s most prolific arms dealers, fueling bloodshed globally
  • The sting proved he was ready to sell weapons to FARC, a known terrorist group
  • Mandatory minimum 25-year sentence reflects severity of arms trafficking charges
  • Lengthy sentence acts as deterrent to other potential arms smugglers
  • Anything less than 25 years would be an inadequate punishment

Arguments against the length of Bout’s sentence:

  • Bout was entrapped in a DEA sting rather than caught in the act
  • The arms deals were with undercover informants so no weapons got to terrorists
  • 25 years is an unusually long sentence for a first-time offender
  • Bout would have been unlikely to re-offend at his age if given a shorter sentence
  • Bout has health issues, including high blood pressure, that make a 25-year sentence harder

There are good-faith arguments on both sides of this issue. However, most legal experts agree the mandatory minimum 25-year sentence for Bout’s crimes was within normal guidelines. Appeals courts have also upheld the legality and fairness of the sentence.

What Does Bout’s Imprisonment Reveal About International Arms Trading?

Viktor Bout’s case highlights some important lessons about the global arms trade:

  • Difficulty of regulation – It is hard for international laws and embargoes to restrict arms trafficking. There are always unscrupulous dealers like Bout willing to evade sanctions for profit.
  • Danger of empowering non-state groups – Arms dealers frequently supply weapons to rebel groups, terrorists, or warlords. This empowers dangerous organizations and prolongs conflict.
  • Role of U.S. demand – Bout met some arms demand from America itself, plus U.S. allies. This illustrates America’s own role in the global arms trade.
  • Need for international cooperation – Bringing Bout to justice required cooperation between multiple countries to investigate and extradite him. Stopping arms trafficking needs global teamwork.

Viktor Bout took advantage of the difficulties regulating the arms trade worldwide. His prosecution and imprisonment have not ended illegal weapons trafficking. However, it does show that even notorious arms smugglers are not immune from facing justice if nations work together.

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Should Bout’s Sentence Be Revisited or Reduced?

Bout has now served over 10 years of his 25-year mandatory minimum sentence in the United States. This raises the question – has he served sufficient time for his crimes, or could leniency now be justified given his age and health issues? There are reasonable arguments on both sides:

The case for reconsidering Bout’s sentence includes:

  • He has already served a significant portion of a lengthy sentence
  • Bout had no prior criminal record before his conviction
  • He is now in his mid-50s and has displayed good behavior in prison
  • Bout reportedly has high blood pressure and other health problems
  • He is unlikely to re-offend given his notoriety and age
  • The arms deals were only with fake FARC rebels rather than real terrorists
  • 25 years may be disproportionate compared to other similar convictions

Reasons against reducing Bout’s sentence include:

  • Global arms smuggling is an extremely serious offense
  • Bout was convicted by a jury in a fair trial of his peers
  • 25 years is the mandatory minimum sentence based on the charges
  • Appeals courts have upheld both the conviction and sentence
  • Granting him early release may set a precedent for other arms dealers
  • The length of the sentence serves as a deterrent against similar crimes
  • Bout has shown no official remorse for fueling conflict and instability

Overall, legal experts do not expect any real chance for reconsideration of Viktor Bout’s 25-year prison sentence. Both the conviction and sentence have been definitively upheld on appeal. For now, Bout still has over a decade of incarceration left to serve in the United States.

Conclusion

Viktor Bout was once one of the world’s most infamous arms smugglers, known as the “Merchant of Death” for supplying weapons to conflict zones and repressive regimes around the world. His illicit activities fueled violence and undermined international laws for many years.

However, Bout’s decade-long incarceration in the United States now shows that even powerful arms traffickers are not beyond the reach of the law forever. While the global arms trade remains poorly regulated, his case sets an important precedent.

It illustrates that with patience, ingenuity, and international cooperation, notorious career arms smugglers can ultimately be brought to justice. For now, Bout still has many years left to serve on his 25-year mandatory sentence. His imprisonment reflects both the severity of his crimes and the capability of coordinated international law enforcement efforts.

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